This is an abnormal connection or passageway between the urinary or gastrointestinal tract and genital structures. They can occur between any of the organs and structures of the pelvic region. A fistula allows urine or stool to continually exit through and out the urogenital tract. The fistula can result most commonly from infection, prolonged labor and delivery during childbirth, hysterectomy, radiation therapy, or inflammation (e.g., diverticulitis).
Temporary treatments like a urinary catheter or a small stent can help control symptoms. In most cases, surgery is the most effective treatment. Evaluation and discussion with your doctor is the first step in understanding your treatment.